Land Transfer Tax
When you acquire land or a beneficial interest in land, you pay land transfer tax to the province when the transaction closes.
Land transfer tax is normally based on the amount paid for the land, in addition to the amount remaining on any mortgage or debt assumed as part of the arrangement to buy the land.
With most mortgages, you pay back a portion of the amount you borrowed (the principal) plus interest every month. Your lender will use an amortization formula to create a payment schedule that breaks down each payment into principal and interest.